Kitchener, Horatio Herbert, and Cyprus

Image from the book of M.A.Sofocleous- “Pissouri, a village bathed in light.”

“Cyprus, a little world in itself… no wild beast or reptiles disturb the solitude. The water is sweet and cool, the wine is nectar, and the food plain and good: above all, I know that my grave will be respected and that kind hands will close my eyes.” – From the 1936 book Historic Cyprus of Rupert Gunnis. 

While visiting the famous HANI restaurant and coffee shop with still amazingly tasty halloumi cheese and tomato sandwiches, in the village of Pissouri, halfway from Limassol to Paphos, I heard the traditional talk about the history of Cyprus and the organization of the island land registry. I was excited to have the privilege to be at this place at the right time and enjoy a lively exchange of knowledge. 

Time stopped for a while. I remembered my many stopovers at this place when the highway did not exist. Memories awoke and became alive again. Here we always had discussions about everything! From the exploration of the universe, the Cyprus issue, water supply, or simply daily news. Beautiful times when people were more relaxed, when simple common sense held all diplomas of this world, and when smiles, open hearts, and curious eyes were a regular feature. That was the secret, as said in the Little Prince-“It is quite simple: man sees well only with their heart.”

Those times are gone, but still, I confirmed once again that there are places, the oasis on this beautiful island you can find and feel the warmth of pure human souls. They are always right! Always! 

My attention got tickled further by the mention of Kitchener’s name. It was a short story about then lieutenant Kitchener I did not know. Kitchener came to Cyprus, did his job, and left to go to the legend! 

He became a famous and visionary brave man with the rank of Field Marchal and 1st Earl Kitchener. He became the British Secretary of State for War in 1914. He had tremendous authority in the whole British Army and he held that position until his sudden death on June 5, 1916 while on board HMS Hampshire. He was going for strategic talks with Russia by the order of then Primeminister Asquith who wanted to ensure that Russia would stay at war. Someone said that the “Good authorities concur that he was the one man who might have sustained Russia.” 

Strange things happen but never by coincidence! Especially if you learn that Primeminister Asquith resigned on December 5, 1916, to be succeeded by David Loyd George. Conclusions are yours, having in mind how the Bolshevik revolution developed and who were the organizers. If you do not know, investigate. 

As my memory refreshed, we started talking about the land registry and the experts that the British Crown sent to survey in 1878.

Here is the quote from that explains the historical events and presents the work of Kitchener.

“In June of 1878, the Congress of Berlin took place where the “Great Powers” negotiated over the distribution of the Turkish possessions in the Balkans and elsewhere following the Russo-Turkish war of 1877-78, in which Russia liberated almost all Ottoman European possessions. Through independent agreements with Russia and Turkey, Britain was given the administration of Cyprus. As a result of these negotiations, the island of Cyprus was ceded to Britain and came under the control of the Foreign Secretary, the Marquis of Salisbury, in 1878.

During the three hundred years of Ottoman occupation, there had been no detailed surveys or technical advances in the land mapping of Cyprus. Some considered the “best” existing map at the time of possession as that by the Venetian artist Giacomo Franco, printed in about 1570. The Foreign Office immediately recognized that a proper survey of the island of Cyprus was required. Kitchener was recommended to take on the survey work based on his recently completed trigonometric survey of Palestine. Kitchener’s Palestine survey was recognized as a model of its kind and one of the first where difficult terrain had been mapped with consistent accuracy.

Kitchener’s remit was to produce a survey of the island of Cyprus that would meet the requirements for administrative and revenue purposes.”

Kitchener, then a young rising star lieutenant of the Royal Engineers, came to Cyprus in 1878 after completing a survey of Palestine. 

It was another assignment he took seriously by personally visiting all the places in Cyprus overlooking the map making. 

The owner of Hani Restaurant and Coffee shop, who was quietly listening to our lively conversations, surprised me by presenting a copy of two articles posted on July 1st, 1927 in the Alithia newspaper and December 5th, 1936 in Cyprus Mail. Both were talking about the event that happened on December 5th, 1882 at the toponym known as “Strongilolaogo” at Pissouri village. 

So, what has happened?

Namely, on December 5th, 1882, while he was at the Pissouri village inspecting the road at the toponym “strongilolaogo” shots were fired at him! 

Image from the book of M.A.Sofocleous- “Pissouri, a village bathed in light.”

As one Moustafa Merixian of the Plataniskias in the Limassol area that was accused of the premeditated murder of one Mouharem Salih Aga of the same village, together with Salih Kritikos of Stavrokonnou who was accused of stealing sheep and goats from the farms in his village in Paphos area, escaped from detention and were wandering around Pissouri.

They spotted Kitchener in uniform riding the white horse. They thought that he was a policeman. Frightened that he was looking for them, Moustafa fired at Kitchener. The first bullet missed. He fired the second shot. Fortunately, Kitchener got just bruised by the second bullet and stayed alive! How would the history developed if Kitchener was assassinated one can just imagine. However we know how history developed when he drawn

Image from the book of M.A.Sofocleous- “Pissouri, a village bathed in light.”

He reported this incident and a month after that, on January 4th, 1883 he left Cyprus, to go some years after directly to the legend! 

Darko Richard Lancelot


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The Virgin Mary Church of Catholics-Kouklia Village near Paphos

This magnificent 13th Century church is located within a short distance of the medieval manor house that hosts the Aphrodite temple and museum. It is also called Panagia Odigitria. Odigitria can be translated as the one who shows the path, who leads.

Built from the stone used from the ruins of Aphrodite temple destroyed during the earthquake. Idololatric temple was at the place of the church.
What is interesting to mention are the arches that are still there. The idea of Arches was introduced by Etruscans that lived in tribes in and around today’s Tuscany. Later it was used by Rome, like the famous Shewolf of the Capitoline. Romulus and Remus and the tale came after.

To tickle your curiosity, Etruscans used letters that looked like the Cyrillic alphabet today. The only way to decipher those ancient writings is by using the Cyrillic alphabet. Ultimately, everything is simple as long as you have a clear mind and a clean soul.
Cyprus hides many mysteries, and the time will come to reveal many of them.


Kolossi Castle and beccaficos(“Ambelopoulia”) birds

Just outside of Limassol, the visitor can find beautiful Kolossi Castle.
It was built around 1210 when the Hospitallers, Knights of St.John of Jerusalem, arrived in Cyprus and were given the state of Kolossi by Lusignan King Hugo I.
The area controlled by the Castle is surrounded by 60 villages, the Kouris river, and fertile land with many vineyards, olive trees, carob and cotton plants, sugar plantations…
The present shape was erected in 1454 by order of Louis de Magnac, Grand Commander of Knights in Cyprus. It is about 75 feet high with walls 9 feet thick, divided into three floors. On the second-floor wall, you can still see a large mural painting of the Crucifixion bearing coat of arms of Louis de Magnac. He was succeeded by John Langstrother, who later was beheaded by King Edward IV. At the beginning of the XVI Century passed into the possession of the Cornaro family, with the first owner being Cardinal Marco Cornaro, brother of Queen Caterina. After the Ottoman
conquest, the Cornaro family lost the property.
After 1799 when the House of Cornaro died out, the property was claimed by Count Mocenigo of Zakinthos( Greek Island), who married the heiress of the Cornaro house. It was in possession of this family till 1954, when the last descendant Count Alvise Nicolo Mocenigo, died.

As there were many vineyards, they were “visited” by little birds caught on lime twigs, plucked, and packed in jars with vinegar. The knights introduced that specialty to the gourmets of Europe and beyond. That is now forbidden, but it is practiced secretly. In the early XVI century, by the writings of John Locke, they exported to Venice. Some 1200 pots, apart from those that were consumed in Cyprus. Their Greek name is”Ambelopoulia.” In free translation, “vineyard birds.” Even today, it continues to be a specialty, but the law protects those birds in Cyprus.

Just near the castle you will see an old church and sugar mill complex.

Warmly recommended for the visit as you will enjoy the view and the surroundings


Darko Richard Lancelot A

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Connect and Respect

Meet Ancient Cyprus No.1

Kafeneion of Christoforos
Another Kafeneion – the political centre of
the village…
Hookah joy at another kafeneio

Those three photos are from an amazing book of Marie-Louise Winbladh – The Cyprus Adventure 1927-1931.

The expedition started in autumn of 1927 when Swedish archaeologists with the help of their Cypriot friends and workers have made many discoveries during their excavations which we will cover here in parts. Beautiful and highly important stories. Love Cyprus and its people!

Those three photos are from Lapithos village from 1927s.

To be continued with utmost gratitude!

Darko Richard Lancelot


Connect and Respect

“Midday breeze, relaxed mind squeeze, New ideas born, extracted is the thorn and soul becomes airborne!” Magic Cyprus! Copyright D.K.

Ayia Napa Sunset

Welcome! Enjoy Cyprus! ❤


To be continued…

For more information: M.E.and You Forever

Did you know that in 1481 Leonardo Da Vinci visited Cyprus? This is the story and video that connects the visit with his most famous painting Mona Lisa. Is it possible ? Well it’s not impossible! Read, look and imagine! Cyprus is the place where imagination is overwhelming!

Link: Leonardo Da Vinci, Caterina Cornaro and Mona Lisa

To repeat- it is not impossible!

To continue, is the place where you, the readers, will find a wide variety of information, from the origin of Cypriots to positions of the Beaches, Hotels, Restaurants, Cafeterias, and Bars names of successful companies providing different products and service, to the narrations of ancient history that relates to the world history! Oh, you will get inspired and refreshed!
We will emphasize and try to pass that traditional and specific Cypriot hospitality and connect it with the stories from and the dreams of ordinary people of Cyprus! Pictures you will see and photos you will make when visiting this magic island will not be enough without personal experience of meeting and talking to traditional Cypriots. You will be positively surprised by the apparent common sense they have!

We would like to thank our team and following places for their support from the very beginning.

Coffee Island Pallouriotissas

Coffee Island Stavrou http://Coffee Island
22 318650

To Apomero Coffee Shop http://Apomero


Jetty Sea Side Protaras location

To Akroyiali fish restaurant Protaras



Lawrence Durrell, in his book The bitter Lemons of Cyprus stated:
“Life on an island, however rich, is circumscribed, and one does well to portion out one’s experiences, for sooner or later one arrives at a point where all is known and staled by repetition. Taken leisurely, with all one’s time at one’s disposal Cyprus could, I calculate, afford one a minimum of two years reckoned in terms of novelty; hoarded as I intended to hoard it, it might last anything up to a decade. That is why I wished to experience it through its people rather than its landscape, to enjoy the sensation of sharing a common life with the humble villagers of the place; and later to expand my field of investigation to its history—the lamp which illumines national character—in order to offer my live subjects a frame against which to set themselves. Alas! I was not to have time.”

This site will try to make time for you, the readers, by giving you as much information as possible to digest and come prepared for a journey of a week or two that even might look like a year or two!

Welcome to Cyprus

Cyprus we Love ❤

Darko Richard Lancelot

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